“Imported Bonnie Scotland, whose death was announced in the American on Tuesday, was bred by Wm. F. Anson, of Spring Cottage, Malton, England in the spring of 1853, and was imported to this country in 1857. He descended from one of the first racing families in England, as will be seen from his pedigree:
Sired by Iago (he by Don John); 1st dam, Queen Mary by Gladiatior; 2nd dam by Plenipotentiary; 3rd dam, Myrrha by Whalebone; 4th dam, Gift by Young Gohanna; 5th dam, sister to Grazier by Sir Peter Teazle; 6th dam sister to Aimator by Trumpeter; 8th dam by Snap; 9th dam by Gower Stallion; 10th dam by Childers.
He was in color a rich dapple bay, with no white except a large star. His height was sixteen hands, full and very symmetrical in form.
He made his first appearance on the turf in England, on the 11th of July , 1850 (then three years old) in the Liverpool St. Leger (23 subscribers) which he won in a canter, beating Omer Pasha, Tom Thumb, Illuminator, Queen of the South, etc. His second race was for the ‘Great Yorkshire Stakes,’ on the 22d of August, (178 subscribers). In this he was placed fourth. His next race was for the great ‘Doncaster St. Leger’ stakes, (133 subscribers). This is one of the great races of England, and stands next in importance to the Derby – the best three-year-olds of the kingdom try their fortunes in this contest. It was won by Warlock, Bonnie Scotland and Artillery running a dead heat for second place. (Ellington, the winner of the Derby, was in this race). His last race was run on the 19th of September of the same year for the Doncaster stakes, at Doncaster,, carrying five pounds extra, 93 subscribers. He won this race with ease, again beating Ellington (winner of the Derby), Manganese, Alleppo (brother to Bird-on-the-Wing) and a large field. For this performance in this race the London sporting journals classed him among the best three-year-olds of the year.
His sire Iago was celebrated as a race horse and ranked among the best of his day in England. IN 1846, then three years old, he started fifteen times, won ten and ran second three times. Don John the sire of Iago won all his stakes at two years old. He was the best horse of his day; ran until aged and at all distances.
Queen Mary, the dam of Bonnie Scotland, was one of the very best mares in England, and the mother of six very remarkable horses: 1, Haricot; 2, Braxey; 3, Balrownie; 4, Blooming Heather; 5, Bonnie Scotland; 6, Blink Bonnie. Blink Bonnie won the Derby and the Oaks, and every race she started for when in condition.
Bonnie Scotland was imported to this country by Capt. Cornish in 1857, and by him sold to Messrs. Reber & Kutz, of Lancaster, O., where he made several seasons, with a very limited number of thoroughbred mares, but produced while there Malcolm, Regent, Ontario, Gaberlunzie, Rochester and other good ones. While in the hands of Reber & Smith he made a season at F. B. Harper’s, near Midway, Ky, but being overshadowed by Lexington, Australian and other noted horses, he was not patronized to any extent. Mr. Alexander sent one mare to him, Bonnet, and she produced the wonderful horse Lochiel, and Bonnie Scotland after this passed into the hands of D. A Gage of Chicago, where he served trotting mares principally. He was then purchased by C. C. Parks, of the Glen For a breeding farm, Waukegan, Ill, and had very few thoroughbred mares there, but produced Capitola, Nathan Oaks, Experience Oaks, and others.
In June, 1872, he was purchased by Gen. W. G. Harding of C. C. Parks for $3,000, he being then 19 years old and arrived here safely around the 1st of July, 1872, and made his first season at Belle Meade in 1873. When transferred to this breeding establishment it was his first showing in the stud, as stated by Maj. Jos. Cairn Simpson, since his arrival in America, and right nobly has the old veteran sustained his reputation, for from ‘Kriks’ Guide to the Turf’ we find his produce won, in 1875, $3,930; in 1876, $11,203; in 1877, $19,930; in 1878, $49,552.50; in 1879, $47,855.
In 1878 he was the first in America of living sires, according to the amount won by his produce, and, in 1879 he was second on the list of sires living. Among the more important stakes won by his produce in 1878 was the Great American Stallion Stake, at Louisville, Ky., won by Bramble, beating a good field with the greatest ease by sixty yards (1 ¾ miles), and the Bowie stakes at Baltimore, four mile heats, won by Bushwhacker in 1879.
The most important races won by the progeny of Bonnie Scotland, as taken from ‘Krik’s Guide,’ were the Ten Broeck and Lamar stakes at Savannah, Ga., the Ohio Derby and Burnett House stakes at Cincinnati, and the Gate City cup at Atlanta, by Ben Hill; the Bonaventure stakes at Savannah, and the Hutchinson stakes at Charleston, by Bergamot; the young American stake No. 1 at Nashville by Bancroft; the Ladies’ stake at the same place, the Lucas & Hunt stake at St. Louis and the Ladies’ stake at Chicago by Bye-and-Bye; the Clarendon Hotel stakes at Saratoga and the Engeman stakes at Brighton Beach, by Bonnie Carrie; the Baltimore, Westchester, Monmouth, Saratoga and Brighton cups by Bramble, who also won the Ocean sweepstakes at Monmouth Park and the Congress Hall stakes at Saratoga, Glidelia winning the Day Boat Line stakes at the same place.
So it will be seen that Bonnie Scotland has steadily advance from year to year, since he came to Belle Meade. Previous to coming to Tennessee, he produced, in addition to those already named, those noted horses, victorious Spendthrift, Frogtown, Quartermaster, W. H. Johnson, Scotland and Lobelia, and since he came here may be enumerated among his get Bushwhacker, Bombast, Bathgate, Dan Kinney, Darden’s Plenipo, Bayard, Baton Rouge, Bramble, Ben Hill, Bergamot, Scotilla, Beatitude, Belle of the Meade, Bonnie Wood, Boardman, Balance All, Burgundy, Beersheba, Belle Isle, Barbary, Bonnie Carrie, Alice Murphy, Blue Gown, Bye-and-Bye, Bancroft, Blondina, Brooklyn, Brunette and others.
Bonnie Scotland has not only contributed horses of note to the running turf, but also to the trotting turf, and his impress will be felt in giving to the thoroughbred stock of America a lot of brood mares, some of which are already producing race horses, notably Ontario, the dam of McWhirter; Kelpie, the dam of Janet; also the dam of Searcher and others.
He was attacked with colic on Sunday morning last, and every effort was made to save him, but, after several spasms, indicating inflammation of the bowels, he dropped dead, about 4 P M., in his paddock, on the 1st of February, 1880, in his 27th year. Thus has passed away one of the equine celebrities of the country and one to which the proprietor of Belle Meade and his faithful groom, Bob, were very much attached, as he has contributed more to the fame of the blood stock of that noted breeding establishment than any stallion Gen. Harding has ever owned.
The old hero received tears of sorry, heartfelt, over his demise, and, in compliance with the request of the authorities of Vanderbilt University, his skeleton will be set up where the students of anatomy can look upon one of the grandest of his species.
We would add that it is fortunate that Gen. Harding had secured the noted Enquirer and Great Tom for his stud, as their acquisition relieves greatly the loss of Bonnie Scotland.”
(The Daily American (Nashville, TN), 02/05/1880)