Photo: Rock Sand (GB) upon his arrival at Nursery Stud, July 1906

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Photo of Rock Sand (GB) (1900 br. c. by Sainfoin (GB) – Roquebrune (GB) by St. Simon (GB)) upon his arrival at Nursery Stud in July 1906. Photo published in Harper’s Weekly (Vol. L, No. 2589), 08/04/1906.

On the sale of Bahram (GB) to Argentina

“Stud Poker and Stone Age are two stakes winning sons of Bahram which make one wonder why the imported English stallion was sold down the river to a South American syndicate.

‘The average Bahrams are wishy washy and poor doers (eaters),’ a man close to one of the members of the American syndicate that imported him told me.”
(Paul Lowry / Los Angeles Times, 12/14/1948)

August 1899: Wayward goat wreaks havoc at Sheepshead Bay

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The New York Times, 08/27/1899

Sheepshead Bay, 08/26/1899: “In the second race, when the fillies had run about a quarter of a mile, a goat ran through the inside rail to the track. He dodged Smoke, but nearly knocked down Lady Massey and four others. This gave Smoke a commanding lead, and enabled him to beat Lady Massey. Lady Massey was heavily backed. It was one of the most remarkable occurrences ever witnessed on a racetrack. Nearly everybody in the grand stand believed the offending animal a dog, until the patrol judge reported a goat. After having been struck by several horses, the goat ran away, apparently unhurt.”
(Chicago Daily Tribune, 08/27/1899)

Alfred Spink‘s “The Derby Winner”

In 1891, Alfred H. Spink, the secretary and general manager of St. Louis’ South Side Park/Fair Grounds and founder/editor of the baseball publication The Sporting News, began work on a three-act play ultimately titled “The Derby Winner.”

“The Derby Winner” was the story of the cash poor Milt West, who aimed to run his mare, the “Missouri Girl,” in the St. Louis Derby in order to secure enough money to pay for his rapidly approaching wedding. Milt’s fiancée Alice begins to hear whispers about his relationship with a “Missouri Girl” and thinks the worst.

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Debuting at St. Louis’ Grand Opera House on August 25, 1894, much fanfare surrounded the debut of “The Derby Winner,” including at Spink’s own South Side Park (a facility which credited itself as being the only track in the world where night racing was conducted –referred to as the “electric races”), where:

“Around the track large signs read ‘The track will be closed on Saturday evening, Aug. 25, and all racing will be done on the stage of the Grand Opera House,’ and on the entry board the following notice appears written by some wag among the horsemen: ‘Notice to owners and jockeys – Those not showing up at the Grand Opera House on Saturday evening, Aug. 25, to witness the initial performance of the ‘Derby Winner’ will be promptly ruled off this track, and under no conditions will be allowed to enter in any more races.” (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 08/19/1894)

At the time of debut, “The Derby Winner’s” human cast numbered forty-two, and included the future Hall of Fame jockey Isaac Murphy, who had expressed interest in pursuing a stage career. Murphy wasn’t the only famous non-actor to take on a role in the production, as Major League pitcher Theodore “Ted” Breitenstein (then of the St. Louis Browns), would later on briefly become a member of the cast during the baseball off-season.

The initial equine cast included the Thoroughbreds All Ablaze, Anawan, Freeland, La Cigale, Pat King, and [The] Drummer, who were outfitted to run on treadmills during the ‘running’ of the St. Louis Derby. Much like the human cast, the equine players would change over time, eventually including the Thoroughbreds Dr. Wilcox, Harry Edwards, Ianthe, Idea, Miss Price, Oblige, and Remedy.

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Popular retired racer Freeland, then fifteen-years-old, had the starring role as the “Missouri Girl,” and was ridden in the early performances by his real-life jockey Murphy, who, as he was during their previous partnership, was clad in Ed Corrigan’s green and white colors.

The production itself was not without mishaps, as:

“Al Spink was the victim of an unexpected bit of realism on the stage of the Avenue yesterday afternoon. Anawan, one of the horses that figure in the stable and race scenes of “The Derby Winner,” had evidently grown dissatisfied at his minor role and made a kick. Mr. Spink was starting the horses at the time of Anawan’s kick, and will wear his right arm in a sling for some days in consequence.” (Louisville Courier-Journal, 11/20/1895)


While the script would undergo revision throughout its life, below is the original premise of “The Derby Winner” as reported in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch of August 26, 1894:

“The scenes of the play are all in St. Louis beginning at the old Grant Farm to the southwest and working up past the Cherokee Garden and the South Side night track to the Fair Grounds. Each one of the scenes is a graphic picture of the place it is intended to represent. The old Grant cabin and the River Des Peres as it was once are excellent representations. The garden and South Side track are grouped together and from the garden entrance a good view of the track is had, with its lights all ablaze.

The Fair Grounds track and stables are pictured to the life. In fact on the fence to the stables can be seen the sign, “no trespassing, C. W. Bellairs, Supt.”

The play itself lacks a substantial plot. Milt West is a horse owner who is at the end of his resources and is in love with Alice Noble, a St. Louis County girl, and every inch a lady. Alice bears vague rumors concerning a “Missouri Girl,” with whose name that of Milt West is constantly associated. She has implicit faith in Milt West but nevertheless thinks it rather strange that West will not tell her about that “Missouri Girl.” The day of the wedding approaches and West with Miss Noble and a party of friends are at the Cherokee Garden. There again the girl hears of the mysterious “Missouri Girl” and Jack Right, a bookmaker, quarrels with West over past grievances, the main one being that he too is in love with Alice Noble.

West tells his troubles to his friends, Dan McCleary and Tom Goodman, and says he can win the St. Louis derby the next day with “Missouri Girl,” and if he could only back her sufficiently his fortune would be made. McCleary relieves his mind by promising to back “Missouri Girl” for $20,000.

Jack Right in the meantime puts up a scheme to poison “Missouri Girl” with Tommy Bell, a track tout. Tommy Bell, however, runs upon Right, and warns West to watch his horse. Alice Noble hears of the poisoning plot, and still thinking that “Missouri Girl” is a woman, decides to save her rival even if it breaks her heart. She hears that the poisoning is to be at the Fair Grounds and goes there, where she encounters Right and spoils his plot, but fails to discover the identity of her rival, for whom she has endured so much.

“Missouri Girl” wins the Derby and a fortune for all interested in her, but Alice Noble does not even then discover who her rival is, and is grieving alone down on the Grant farm. Only at the last moment the next day at Cherokee Garden does she meet the “Missouri Girl” and learn her mistake.”

It was later reported that the premise of “The Derby Winner” had basis in some fact:

“The incident upon which the play is built is a true one, having come under Mr. Spink’s experience while doing newspaper work, under Walter B. Stevens, Washington correspondent of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, who was at that time its city editor. Mr. Spink knew Milt West well, and when the bookmaker was caught in the act of poisoning West’s favorite filly, Spink took a fall out of him, and sent him to the hospital for repairs.” (The Washington Post, 02/02/1896)


Prior to “The Derby Winner’s” launch back in August 1894, local sportswriter George Munson had resigned his position as secretary and manager of the St. Louis Browns baseball club in order to become a press agent for Spink and his play.

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Upon the decision to take “The Derby Winner” on the road following its successful St. Louis debut, Munson would assume the role of manager for the traveling show, where over the course of two years, “The Derby Winner” would make appearances in Baltimore, Chicago, Cincinnati, Kansas City, Lawrence (KS), Louisville, Nashville, Washington, D.C., and Wheeling (WV) in addition to repeat runs in its native St. Louis.

Despite the strenuous travel schedule, the horses were said to be well looked after, as in the case of Freeland, “When Ed Corrigan saw him at Chicago a couple of weeks ago he was overjoyed to see him looking fit as a fiddle and in such excellent hands.” (Cincinnati Enquirer, 12/27/1894)

Spink would ultimately sell all rights to “The Derby Winner” to Munson in March 1896. While “The Derby Winner” was advertised to be the “most successful racing and comedy drama ever staged with the race track as its theme,” it was later reported that Spink had lost around $250,000 over the course of the production. Rights to the show would soon again change hands, with Charles Moran reported as being the show’s proprietor as of 1897. Performances would continue under his name through at least December 1898.

Unsurprisingly, the notoriety of “The Derby Winner” would give way to a real “Missouri Girl,” a Missouri-bred bay filly by the Buckden (GB) stallion Bubbler out of Faience (aka Fiance) by Mortemer (FR) foaled in 1894. She would ultimately fail to achieve the same success on the racetrack as her namesake, racing several times to little success in St. Louis as a two-year-old.

Obituary and photos of Hall of Fame steeplechaser Good and Plenty

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Good and Plenty (1900 b. g. by Rossington (GB) – Famine by Jils Johnson) taking a hurdle during the Whitney Memorial Steeplechase at Belmont Park, May 1906. Photo as published in Harper’s Weekly (Vol. L, No. 2582), 06/16/1906.

“Thomas Hitchcock, Jr.’s  famous steeplechaser, Good and Plenty, has been shot. For several months the well-known jumper has shown signs of weakness. During the Spring meeting at Belmont Park Good and Plenty developed trouble in the near hind leg. He was put into retirement for a while, and later sent into light training again, when the old trouble reappeared, and the examination of a veterinary surgeon developed the fact that he would be a permanent cripple, in addition to being affected internally.

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Good and Plenty during and after the Champion Steeplechase at Morris Park, October 1904. Photos by N. W. Penfield as published in Harper’s Weekly (Vol. XLVIII, No. 2498), 11/05/1904.

Mr. Hitchcock, when assured the horse would never recover, ordered him shot, to put him out of pain, and on Saturday a bullet ended his existence, and with it the most notable career of any steeplechase horse on the American turf. Good and Plenty was buried in a plot of ground near the private race course on the Hitchcock estate, near Westbury, L. I., and a monument will probably be erected over his grave.

Good and Plenty was the greatest timber topper in America. He was a bay gelding, 7 years old, by Rossington-Fannie [sic], and during the four seasons he raced he won more honors than any other steeplechase horse, and almost equaled the record of the great Sysonby. He first appeared in the jumping list at the Brighton Beach track in 1904, when he finished second to Walter Cleary in a steeplechase race. He won the next seven starts, and finished second in his ninth start, winding up the season with a victory. In all, he started ten times, and was first in eight races, winning, among other events, the Champion and Westbury Steeplechases.

In 1905 he was reserved for two of the big steeplechase events of the year, the New York and Whitney Memorial Steeplechases, at Belmont Park, and won them both. In the following year Good and Plenty started four times, and was first three times and unplaced once. He was easily the best steeplechase horse in training, and won the Grand National and Whitney Memorial Steeplechases. His third victory was in a handicap steeplechase. He ran unplaced in a handicap flat race at a mile and a furlong at Belmont Park.” (The New York Times, 08/16/1907)

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Good and Plenty during the Whitney Memorial Steeplechase at Belmont Park, May 1905. Photos by N. W. Penfield as published in Harper’s Weekly (Vol. XLIX, No. 2527), 05/27/1905.

Dec. 1944: 6-year-old mare Traffic Court voted greatest comeback

“MIAMI (Fla.) Dec. 21. (AP) – Traffic Court, a failure as a brood mare but a whiz as a runner, won a place today along with the Twilight Tears and the Pavots in a roundup of 1944 turf superlatives compiled by two of the sport’s top racing secretaries.

John B. Campbell, secretary at all the New York tracks and a Hialeah racecourse steward, and Charles J. McLennan, secretary at Pimlico, Garden State, Suffolk Downs and Hialeah, agreed that Miller & Burger’s 6-year-old Discovery mare made the greatest comeback.

Kept away from the races for 27 months while she flunked a trial on the breeding farm, Traffic Court was put back into training and scored eight victories, four of them in stake races, this year.

Other Campbell and McLennan choices:

  • Best all-around performer – Calumet Farms’ Twilight Tear, the horse of the year.
  • Greatest finish – The triple dead heat in the Carter Handicap at Aqueduct June 10, when the camera was unable to separate Bossuet, Brownie and Wait-A-Bit (Campbell, who handicapped the horses for the race, modestly let McLennan make his selection.).
  • No. 1 training job – B. A. Jones’ success with such Calumet performers as Pensive, Twilight Tear, Sun Again, Good Blood and Pot o’ Luck.
  • Best sprinter – McLennan picked Twilight Tear, while Campbell took Greentree Stable’s 5-year-old Devil Diver.
  • Best router – Townsend B. Martin’s Bolingbroke.
  • Hard luck horse – Alex Barth, the perennial runner-up. The 6-year-old Millbrook Stable horse finished second in eight races, five of them $50,000 stakes.
  • Biggest surprise – Vienna’s victory over Twilight Tear, which closed at 1 to 20, in the Alabama Stakes at Belmont.
  • Most promising 2-year-old colt – Walter M. Jeffords’ undefeated Pavot.
  • Most promising 2-year-old filly – Col. E. R. Bradley’s Busher, daughter of War Admiral.
  • Biggest disappointment – C. V. Whitney’s Pukka Gin, the 1943 juvenile sensation which failed as a 3-year-old.” (Los Angeles Times, 12/22/1944)

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Miss Traffic defeats Nothirdchance (dam of Hail to Reason) in the Salaminia Handicap at Belmont Park, 09/25/1953 (New York Herald Tribune, 09/26/1953).

Retired following the 1946 season with a career record of (63) 11 7-9 and earnings of $50,650, the well-born Traffic Court would produce her first foal in 1948 at the age of ten – the handicap winning/stakes placed filly Miss Traffic (Boxthorn).

While Traffic Court would ultimately produce only three registered foals, that “failure of a brood mare” made the most of her limited opportunities, as in addition to Miss Traffic, she would produce champion/classic winning colt Hasty Road (Roman) in 1951, and multiple stakes winning colt Traffic Judge (Alibhai (GB)) in 1952. She was named Kentucky Broodmare of the Year of 1954.

A very brief look at Traffic Court’s legacy:

While the lesser known of the three Traffic Court siblings, Miss Traffic would go on to foal the stakes winning gelding Clover Leaf (Swaps) and stakes placed colt Seven Corners (Roman), as well as the filly Miss Summons (Helioscope), herself the dam of stakes winner Larceny Kid (No Robbery) and his full sister Deauville Dove, herself the dam of stakes winners How So Oiseau (Saratoga Six) and Wild Harmony (Wild Again).

Miss Traffic’s impact is still seen today most notably through son Seven Corners, whose daughter Proud Pied is the third dam of successful sire Silver Deputy.

In the stud, both Hasty Road and Traffic Judge would particularly excel as broodmare sires, with Hasty Road siring, among others, stakes winner Lady Golconda (dam of champion Forego) and stakes winning Reines-de-Course Golden Trail (dam of stakes winner/producer Java Moon and influential producer On The Trail) and Broadway (dam of champion Queen of the Stage and stakes winner/sire Reviewer).

Traffic Judge, who would end his career as the 4th leading sire of 1968 and the 4th leading broodmare sire of 1976, would sire, among others, the stakes winning Reines-de-Course Best In Show and Frederick Street, as well as the stakes winner/sire Delta Judge (sire of champion Proud Delta and damsire of stakes winner/sire Dixieland Band).